Learn Most Essential GRE vocabulary list & Get Success

abacusframe with balls used for calculating
abateto lessen, subside
abdicationformal relinquishing of power or authority; resignation
aberrationstraying away from what is natural or normal; deviation
abetto help, encourage someone in wrongdoing
abeyancesuspended action; temporary inactivity
abhorto hate, detest
abideto be faithful; to endure
abjureto promise or swear to give up
abradedrubbed off, worn away by friction
abrogateto repeal or annul by authority
abscondto go away suddenly (to avoid arrest)
abstrusedifficult to comprehend; obscure
abutto border on
abysmalbottomless; profoundly, extremely bad
acarpouseffete; worn out; sterile; no longer fertile
acclaimedwelcomed with shouts and approval
accoladepraise, approval
accretionthe growing of separate things into one; an addition
adamantkind of stone; inflexible
admonitorycontaining a warning; tending to admonish
adornadd beauty to; decorate
adulterationmaking impure or poorer in quality
affablepolite and friendly
affinitya natural liking for something; an inherent similarity
aggravateto make worse; to irritate
agileactive, quick-moving, well-coordinated
ailto cause pain or trouble to; to be ill
alacrityeager and cheerful readiness
alcoverecessed part of a room; partially enclosed space
allegianceduty, support, loyalty
alleviateto make (pain) easier to bear
alloyto debase by mixing with something inferior; a mixture of two or more metals
aloofreserved, seemingly indifferent
amalgamatemix, combine, unite
ambidextrousable to use the left hand and the right equally well
ambiguousdoubtful, uncertain; having several possible meanings or explanations
ambivalenthaving both of two contrary desires; uncertain; unable to make a decision
ameliorateto improve, make better
amortizeto end (a debt) by making periodic payments
anguishsevere suffering
animositystrong dislike
antidotemedicine used against a poison or a disease
antitheticaldirectly opposed; opposite
apartheidbrutal racial discrimination
apostateone who abandons long-held religious or political convictions
apotheosisdeification, glorification of a person to the rank of a God; the highest point of something
appeaseto make quiet or calm; to soothe, pacify
apprehensiveanxious or nervous about future happenings; perceptive
appriseto give notice; to inform
aproposappropriate to the situation, apt, pertinent
aptwell-suited;appropriate; able to learn quickly
arabesquea complex, ornate design; a ballet pose; a short musical piece
arborealof or having to do with trees
ardorenthusiasm; passion; great warmth
arduousrequiring much exertion; laborious; difficult to climb
argotjargon slang
arroganceproud superior manner of behaviour
articulatespeak distinctly connect by joints
ascendgo or come up
ascertainget to know
asceticpracticing self-denial austere stark
ascribeconsider to be the origin of or belonging to
asepticsurgically clean
asperityroughness harshness ill temper irritability
assailwith attack violently
assiduousdiligent hard-working sedulous
assuagemake smth (pain desire) less
asteriskthe mark * (e.g.. omitted letters)
astringentsubstance that shrinks
astuteclever quick at seeing to get an advantage
atonementrepayment death of Jesus
attenuatemake thin. weaken enervate
attunebring into harmony
audaciousdaring foolishly bold impudent
auguryomen sign
augustmajestic venerable
auspiciousfavorable successful prosperous
austereseverely moral and strict simple and plain
auxiliaryhelping supporting
averaffirm assert prove justify
aversionstrong dislike
avideager greedy
avowadmit. Declare openly
balefulharmful ominous causing evil
balkobstacle purposely to get on the way of
banefulcausing harm or ruin pernicious destructive
barrageartificial obstacle built across a river
barrennot good enough unable to have young ones without value
baskin enjoy warmth and light
beatifyto bless make happy or ascribe a virtue to
bedizento adorn especially in a cheap showy manner
belaborbeat hard
bellicosebelligerent pugnacious warlike
belligerent(person nation) waging war
benefactorperson who has given help
benevolencewish or activity in doing good
benignkind and gentle mild (climate)
bequestarrangement to give smth at death
beratescold sharply
bereftrob or dispossess of smth (material)
bewilderpuzzle confuse
bigotstubborn narrow-minded person
bilgebulge the protuberance of a cask
blandishmentflattery coaxing
blandnesspolite manner comforting uninteresting
blatantnoisy and rough
blithecheerful casual carefree
bogussham counterfeit not genuine
boisterousloud noisy rough lacking restraint
bolstergive greatly needed support
boorishcrude offensive rude
brashhasty rush cheeky saucy
brassyellow metal (mixing copper and zinc)
brazenmade of brass
breachopening broken place breaking
brittleeasily broken
broachbring up announce begin to talk about
brookto tolerate endure
buoyantable to float light-hearted
burgeongrow forth send out buds
burnishto polish rub to a shine
cabala scheme or plot a group of plotters
cadgeto beg to get by begging
cajoleuse flattery or deceit to persuade
calipersmetal supports attached to the legs measuring instrument
calumnyslander aspersion
candidfrank straight-forward
cantinsincere talk/jargon
canvassdiscuss thoroughly sort of touting
castigateto chastise correct by punishing
castigationsevere punishment
catalystsubstance that causes speeding up
causticbiting sarcastic
censureexpression of blame or disapproval a rebuke
centurionleader of a unit of 100 soldiers
charycautious wary
chastenedcorrected punished
chauvinista blindly devoted patriot
chicanerylegal trickery/false argument
chiselsteel tool for shaping materials
churlbad-tempered person
clamorshout complain with a lot of noise
clinchcome to grips/settle conclusively
clingto resist separation
clothalf-solid lump formed from liquid
clotureclosing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
coagulationchange to a thick and solid state
coalescingcoming together and uniting into one substance
coaxget smb to do smth by kindness
codapassage that completes a piece of music
coddletreat with care and tenderness
coercecompel to force to make obedient
coevalof the same period coexisting
cogentstrong convincing
cogitatethink deeply mediate
cognizantbeing fully aware of
colanderbowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water
collusionsecret agreement for a deceitful purpose
combustionprocess of burning
commemoratekeep the memory of
commodioushaving plenty of space for what is needed
commuterperson who travels regularly
complaisancetending to comply obliging willingness to please
compunctionfeeling of regret for one’s action
concealhide keep secret
conceitover-high opinion of too much pride
conciliatoryreconciling soothing comforting mollifying
concordagreement or harmony
concuragree in opinion happen together
condenseincrease in density strength make laconic
congealmake or become stiff and solid
conjointo join together
connoisseura person with good judgement (e.g.. in art)
connotationsuggestion in addition to
consequentialpompous self important
consolegive comfort or sympathy to
conspicuouseasily seen remarkable
consternationsurprise and fear dismay
constrictmake tight or smaller
consumeget to the end of
consummateperfect/make perfect/complete
contemnto scorn or despise
contentiousargumentative pugnacious combative quarrelsome
contiguoustouching neighboring near
contritefilled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
contumaciousinsubordinate rebellious
conundruma riddle dilemma enigma
convictionconvincing firm belief
convokecall together summon
convolutedcomplicated coiled twisted
cordialwarm and sincere
cordonline (of police acting as a guard)
cornucopiaabundant supply
corporealphysical of or for the body
correlatehave a mutual relation
corroborationadditional strengthening evidence
countenanceto favor or approve of
covetouseagerly desirous
cowercrouch shrink back
coyshy/modest (esp of a girl)
crassvery great (es. stupidity)
cravatpiece of linen worn as a necktie
creaseline made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket
credulitytoo great a readiness to believe things
credulousready to believe things
crushpress lose shape subdue overwhelm
crypticsecret with a hidden meaning
cumbersomeburdensome heavy and awkward to carry
curmudgeonbad-tempered person
curriculumcourse of study
cursoryquick hurried
curtailmake shorter then was planned
daintypretty/delicate(food)/difficult to please
dauntintimidate make fearful
dawdlerperson who is slow waste of time
debaclea breakup overthrow sudden disaster
decorumpropriety properness
decreeorder given by authority
decrydisapprove of
deferpostpone give way (to show respect)
deferentialshowing respect
defianceopen disobedience or resistance
delineateto portray depict sketch out
delugegreat flood heavy rush of water
demagogueperson appealing not to reasons
demurto hesitate raise objections
denigrateblacken belittle sully defame
denouementan outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot
depleteuse until none remains
depositiondethronement depositing
depravemake morally bad corrupt
deprecateprotest against express disapproval of
derelictiondeserting and leaving to fall into ruins
derisionridicule mockery deriding
derivativeunoriginal obtained from another source
derogatoryinsulting tending to damage
descrycatch sight of see smth in the distance
desiccantsubstance used to absorb moisture
desuetudecessation of use disuse
desultoryaimless haphazard digressing at random
deterdiscourage hinder
detractionslandering verbal attack aspersion
detumescencediminishing or lessening of swelling
deviancebeing different in moral standards (from normal)
dexterityskill (esp. in handling)
diaphanoustransparent gauzy
diatribebitter and violent attack in words
dilatespeak comprehensively become wider large
disallowrefuse to allow or accept as a correct
discernsee with an effort but clearly
discomfitconfuse embarrass
disconcertupset the self-possession of
discountenancerefuse to approve of
discoursespeech lecture
discreditrefuse to believe
discreteindividually distinct
disdainlook on with contempt
disencumberfree from encumbrance
disingenuoussophisticated artful trying to deceive cunning
disinterdig up from the earth
dislodgemove force from the place occupied
dismalsad gloomy miserable
disparateessentially different
disproofproof to the contrary
dissemblespeak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind)
disseminatedistribute (esp. ideas)
dissenthave a different opinion refuse to assent
dissolutiondisintegration looseness in morals
distraughtdistracted violently upset in mind
divergencegetting farther apart from a point
divestituretaking off getting rid of giving up
divulgemake known smth secret
doggereltrivial poorly constructed verse
dogmaticpositive certain arbitrary without room for discussion
doltstupid fellow
dormantin a state of inactivity but awaiting development
doteshow much fondness center one’s attention
drawlslow way of speaking
dronemale bee person who isn’t self-employed
drowsinessfeeling sleepy half asleep
dubiousfeeling doubt
dudno use person smth that fails
dulcetmelodious harmonious
dupecheat make a fool of
duplicitydeliberate deception
duressthreats to compel smb
dwarfperson or smb much below the usual size
dynamoa generator something that produces electric current
earthenwaredishes made of baked clay
ebullienceexuberance outburst of feeling
ebullientoverflowing with enthusiasm showing excitement
ecumenicalrepresenting the whole Christian world
edaciousvoracious devouring
eddycircular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind)
ediblefit to be eaten/not poisonous
effeteinfertile worn out weak
efficacyproduction of a desired result
effluviaoutflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor
effronteryboldness impudence arrogance
egressway out exit
elaborateworked out with much care in great detail
elegya lament a melancholy composition
elicitdraw out
eloquencefluent speaking skillful use of language
emaciatemake thin and weak
embellishmake beautiful
embezzleuse in a wrong way for one’s own benefit
emotestir up excite
empiricalrelying on experiment
encapsulateenclose in capsule
encomiumwarm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric
encumbranceburden things that get on the way of
endearingmaking dear or liked
endorsewrite one’s name on the back of
enervateweaken deprive of strength attenuate
engendercause produce give rise to
engraveimpress deeply
engrossingtaken up all the time or attention writing in large or formal
engulfswallow up
enigmasmth that is puzzling
enmityhatred being an enemy
entangleput into difficulties
enthralplease greatly/enslave (fig)
enticetempt or persuade
entreatask earnestly
enunciatepronounce (words)/express a theory
epicureandevoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)
epitomebrief summary representative example a typical model
equablesteady regular
equanimitycalmness of temperament
equilibriumstate of being balanced
equipoiseequal distribution of weight equilibrium
equivocalhaving a double or doubtful meaning suspicious
equivocatetry to deceive by equivocal language
eradicateget rid of pull up by the roots
erraticirregular in behaviour or opinion
eruditelearned scholarly
esotericabstruse intended only for a small circle of
espousemarry give one’s support to
eulogyformal praise panegyric
euphoriaelation state of pleasant excitement
euthanasiaeasy and painless death
evasivetending to evade
evinceto show clearly to indicate
evokecall up bring out
excoriationsevere criticism
exculpateto clear from a charge of guilt
exhaustivecomplete thorough
exigencyemergency an urgent situation
exonerationset smb clear free (e.g.. from blame)
exorbitantmuch too high or great
expatiateto roam wander freely
expedientlikely to be useful for a purpose
expiationending expiring
exploitbrilliant achievement develop use selfishly
expostulateargue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest
expurgateto remove obscenity purify censor
exscindto cut out cut away
extantstill in existence
extemporewithout previous thought or preparation
extenuatereduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse
extinctno longer active
extinguishend the existence of/wipe or put out
extirpateto destroy exterminate cut out exscind
extolpraise highly
extortobtain by threats violence
extralegaloutside the law
extricablethat can be freed
extrovertcheerful person
exuberancestate of growing vigorously being full of life
facetioushumorous funny jocular
facileeasily done
fallaciousbased on error
falterwaver/move in an uncertain manner
fatuouswithout sense foolish self-satisfaction
fawnyoung deer try to win smb’s favor
fecklesslacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless
felicitousapt suitably expressed well chosen apropos
felonperson guilty of murder
fermentsubstance become excited
ferocitysavage cruelty
ferretdiscover by searching search
fervidshowing earnest feeling
fervorwarmth of feelings earnestness
fetterto shackle put in chains
feudbitter quarrel over a long period of time
fidelityloyalty accuracy
fidgetmove restlessly make nervous
figureheadcarved image on the prow of a ship
finessedelicate way of dealing with a situation
finicaltoo fussy about food clothing etc.
fissionsplitting or division (esp. of cells)
fixatestare at
flakcriticism/anti-aircraft guns
flamboyantbrightly colored florid
flauntingshow off complacently
flaxpale yellow (hair) a plant
fledgedable to fly trained experienced
fleetnumber of ships quick-moving
flinchdraw move back wince
flopfail/move/fall clumsily
floridvery much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face)
floutreject mock to go against (as in going against tradition)
flukelucky stroke
flustermake nervous or confused
foibledefect of character (a person is wrongly proud)
foilprevent from carrying out contrast
fomentput smth warm (to lessen the pain)
foolproofincapable of failure or error
foppishlike a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
foragefood for horses and cattle
forbearrefrain from be patient ancestor
forbearancepatience willingness to wait
fordshallow place in a river (to cross)
forestallprevent by taking action in advance preempt
forfeitsuffer the loss of smth
forgeworkshop for the shaping of metal to shape metal lead
forswearrenounce disallow repudiate
fosternurture care for
fracasnoisy quarrel
fragileeasily injured broken or destroyed
franticwildly excited with joy pain anxiety
freneticfrantic frenzied
fretworry irritation wear away
fringeedge ornamental border part of hair over the forehead
frowardintractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn
frugalcareful economical
fulminationbitter protest
fulsomedisgusting offensive due to excessiveness
gainsayto deny to oppose
garblemake unfair selection from facts
garmentarticle of clothing
garnerto gather and save to store up
garruloustoo talkative
gaucheriesocially awkward tactless behavior
germanerelevant pertinent to
gistthe point general sense
gleangather facts in small quantities
glibready and smooth but not sincere
glimmerweak/unsteady light
gloatover look at with selfish delight
glutsupply to much fill to excess
gnawwaste away bite steadily
goadsmth urging a person to action
gorgeeat greedily/narrow opening with a stream
gossamersoft light delicate material
gougetool for cutting grooves in wood
grandiloquentusing pompous words
graveserious requiring consideration
grazetouch or scrape lightly in passing
gregariousliving in societies liking the company
grievouscausing grief or pain serious dire grave
grovelcrawl humble oneself
guiledeceit cunning
gullibleeasily gulled
gushburst out suddenly/talk ardently
gustoutburst of feeling sudden rain wind fire etc.
hackcut roughly hired horse
halcyoncalm and peaceful
hallowto make holy consecrate
haranguea long passionate speech
harbingersmth or smb that foretells the coming of
harrowto distress create stress or torment
haughtyarrogant conceited
heedattention/give notice to
heinousodious (of crime)
heresybelief contrary to what is generally accepted
hermeticsealed by fusion
heterogeneousmade up of different kinds
hewmake by hard work cut (by striking)
highbrow(person) with superior tastes
hirsutehairy shaggy
hoaxmischievous trick played on smb for a joke
hoipolloi the masses the rabble
hollownot soled with hole
holsterleather case for a pistol
homileticsact of preaching
honestone used for sharpening tools
hoodwinktrick mislead
hospitableliking to give hospitality
hubrisarrogant pride
hushmake or become silent
huskworthless outside part of anything
hypocrisyfalsely making oneself appear to be good
iconoclastperson who attacks popular beliefs
idiosyncrasypersonal mannerism
idolatryexcessive admiration of
idylla carefree episode or experience
ignobledishonorable common undignified
ignominiousshameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful
illicitunlawful forbidden
imbrogliocomplicated and embarrassing situation
immaculatepure faultless
imminentlikely to come or happen soon
immutablethat cannot be changed
impairworsen diminish in value
impassiveunmoved feeling no sign of passion
impecunioushaving little or no money
impedehinder get in the way of
impedimentsmth that hinders (e.g. stammer)
impendingimminent being about to happen expected
imperativeurgent essential
imperiouscommanding haughty arrogant
impermeablethat cannot be permeated
imperturbablecalm not capable of being excited
imperviousnot allowing to pass through (of materials)
imperviousnesshaughty arrogant commanding
impetuoushaving sudden energy impulsive thrusting ahead forceful
impietylack of reverence or dutifulness
implacableincapable of being placated unpleasable
implicateshow that smb has a share
implicitimplied though not plainly expressed
implosioncollapse bursting inward
importunebeg urgently solicit (of a prostitute)
imprecationan invocation of evil a curse
impromptuwithout preparation
impudentrash indiscreet
impugnedchallenged to be doubted
imputeto attribute to a cause or source ascribe
inadvertentnot paying proper attention
inanesilly senseless
inasmuchsince because
incensemake angry
incessantoften repeated continual
inchoatenot yet fully formed rudimentary elementary
inciseengrave make a cut in
incitestir up rouse
inclineddirecting the mind in a certain direction
incongruousout of place not in harmony or agreement
incorrigibilitycannot be cured or corrected
incredulousskeptical unwilling to believe
inculcatefix firmly by repetition
incumbentsofficial duties
incursiona raid a sudden attack
indefatigabilitynot easily exhaustible tirelessness
indeliblethat cannot be rubbed out
indistinctnot easily heard seen clearly marked
indomitablenot easily discouraged or subdued
indulgegratify give way to satisfy allow oneself
indulgentinclined to indulge
ineffableto great to be described in words
ineluctablecertain inevitable
ineptunskillful said or done at the wrong time
ineptitudequality of being unskillful
infuriatefill with fury or rage
infuseput pour fill
ingenuousnaive young artless frank honest sincere
ingesttake in by swallowing
inimicalharmful or unfriendly
inimitabledefying imitation unmatchable
innocuouscausing no harm
inscrutableincapable of being discovered or understood
insensibleunconscious unresponsive unaffected
insinuatesuggest unpleasantly make a way for smth gently
insipidwithout taste or flavor
insouciantunconcerned carefree
insularitynarrow-mindedness isolated
insurrectionrising of people to open resistance to
interdictprohibit forbid
interimas an installment
intersperseplace here and there
intransigenceunwillingness to compromise stubbornness intractability
intrepidfearless brave undaunted
introspectionexamining one’s own thoughts and feelings
inundateflood cover by overflowing
inuredaccustomed to adapted
invectiveabusive language curses
inveighto attack verbally denounce deprecate
inveteratedeep-rooted. long-established
invincibletoo strong to be defeated
irascibleirritable easily angered
irresolutehesitating undecided
irrevocablefinal and unalterable
itinerateto travel from place to place to peregrinate
jabbertalk excitedly utter rapidly
jibegibe make fun of
jocularmeant as a joke
judicioussound in judgment wise
knitdraw together unite firmly
labyrinthineto entangle the state of affairs
lachrymosecausing tears tearful
lackluster(of eyes) dull
lamentshow feel great sorrow
lassitudeweariness tiredness
latentpresent but not yet active developed or visible
laudatoryexpressing or giving praise
lavishgiving or producing freely liberally or generously
legacysmth handed down from ancestors
leveeformal reception/embankment
levitylack of seriousness
libelstatement that damages reputation
liberalityfree giving generosity
libertineimmoral person
lienlegal claim until a debt on it is repaid
limnpaint portray
limplacking strength walking unevenly
lionizetreat as a famous person
lithebending twisting
lollrest to sit or stand in a lazy way hang (dog’s tongue)
lopemove along with long strides
loquacioustalkative garrulous
lucubratewrite in scholarly fashion
luculenteasily understood lucid clear
lugubriousmournful excessively sad
lullbecome quiet or less active
lumbermove in a clumsy/noisy way
luminarystar light-giving body
lurkbe out of view ready to attack
lustrousbeing bright polished
macabregruesome suggesting death
maceratemake or become soft by soaking in water
machinationplot scheme (esp. evil)
maladroittactless clumsy
malapropismmisuse of a word (for one that resembles it)
malevolencewishing to do evil
maligninjurious speak ill of smb tell lie
malingerto fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty
malleableyielding easily shaped moldable adapting
manaclechains for the hands or feet
massacrecruel killing of a large number of people
matriculationbe admitted enter a university as a student
maudlinsentimental in a silly or tearful way
maulhurt by rough handling
maverickrebel nonconformist
mellifluoussweetly flowing
mendicanta beggar
mercurialquick changeable in character fleeting
meretriciousattractive on the surface but of little value
meticulousgiving great attention to details
mettlequality of endurance or courage
mettlesomecourageous high-spirited
middlingfairly good but not very good
minatorymenacing threatening
mincepronounce or speak affectedly euphemize
misanthropeperson who hates mankind
mischievousharmful causing mischief
miserperson who loves wealth and spends little
misogynistone who hates women/females
moderationquality of being limited not extreme
mollifymake calmer or quieter
moltmoult lose hair feathers before new growing
morbiddiseased unhealthy (e.g.. about ideas)
moroseill-tempered unsocial
mufflercloth worn round the neck/silencer
multifariousvaried motley greatly diversified
mundaneworldly as opposed to spiritual commonplace everyday
myriadvery great number
nadirlowest weakest point
nascentcoming into existence emerging
nebulouscloud-like hazy vague indistinct
negligenttaking too little care
neophyteperson who has been converted to a belief
nexusa connection tie or link
nibbleshow some inclination to accept (an offer)
noisomeoffensive disgusting (smell)
nonchalantnot having interest
nonplusedgreatly surprised
nostruma quack remedy an untested cure
obduratehardened and unrepenting stubborn inflexible
obfuscateto darken make obscure muddle
obliviousunaware having no memory
obloquyabusively detractive language sharp criticism vituperation
obsequioustoo eager to obey or serve
obstreperousnoisy loud
obtainto be established accepted or customary
obtrusiveprojecting prominent undesirably noticeable
obviateto make unnecessary get rid of
occludedblocked up
odiousrepulsive hateful
odiumcontempt dislike aversion
odorsmell favor reputation
officioustoo eager or ready to help offer advice
onerousneeding effort burdensome
opaquenessdullness/not allowing light to pass through
opprobriousshowing scorn or reproach
ossifyto turn to bone to settle rigidly into an idea
ostensibleseeming appearing as such professed
ostentationdisplay to obtain admiration or envy
ostracismshut out from society refuse to meet talk
overhaulexamine thoroughly to learn about the condition
overweeningpresumptuously arrogant overbearing immoderate being a jerk
paeansong of praise or triumph
palateroof of the mouth sense of taste
palliatelessen the severity of
palpabilitycan be felt touched understood
palpitatetremble beat rapidly and irregularly
panegyricformal praise eulogy
paradigma model example or pattern
parenthesissentence within another one smth separated
pariahan outcast a rejected and despised person
parsimonioustoo economical miserly
partisanone-sided committed to a party biased or prejudiced
patronregular customer person who gives support
paucityscarcity a lacking of
peccadillosmall sin small weakness in one’s character
pedanticbookish showing off learning
pedestriancommonplace trite unremarkable
pellucidtransparent easy to understand
penchantstrong inclination a liking
penitentfeeling or showing regret
penuryextreme poverty
peregrinationtraveling about wandering
peremptoryurgent imperative unchallengeable ending debate
perfidioustreacherous faithless
perfidytreachery breaking of faith
perfunctorydone as a duty without care
perishbe destroyed decay
perjurywillful FALSE statement unlawful act
permeatespread into every part of
perniciousharmful injurious
perpetratebe guilty commit (a crime)
personablepleasing in appearance attractive
perspicacityquick judging and understanding
pertainbelong as a part have reference
pestdestructive thing or a person who is nuisance
petrifiedtaken away power (to think feel act)
petrifyto make hard rocklike
petrouslike a rock hard stony
petulantunreasonably impatient
philistinea smug ignorant person one who lacks knowledge
phlegmaticcalm sluggish temperament unemotional
picaresqueinvolving clever rogues or adventurers
piedof mixed colors
pinchbe too tight take between the thumb and finger
pinewaste away through sorrow or illness
piousdutiful to parents devoted to religion
piquantagreeably pungent stimulating
piquehurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity)
pitfallcovered hole as a trap unsuspected danger
pithessential part force soft liquid substance
pivotalof great importance (others depend on it)
placatesoothe pacify calm
plaintivemournful melancholy sorrowful
plaqueflat metal on a wall as a memorial
platitudea trite or banal statement unoriginality
pleadaddress a court of law as an advocate
pliantpliable easily bent shaped or twisted
plodcontinue doing smth without resting
pluckpull the feathers off pick (e.g.. flowers)
plumbget to the root of
plummetfall plunge steeply
plungemove quickly suddenly and with force
poignantdeeply moving keen
poncholarge piece of cloth
ponderousheavy bulky dull
portentomen marvelous threatening
precariousuncertain risky dangerous
preceptsrules establishing standards of conduct
precludeprevent make impossible
precursorypreliminary anticipating
predilectionspecial liking mental preference
predominatehave more power than others
preentidy/show self-satisfaction
prematuredoing or happening smth before the right time
preponderancegreatness in number strength weight
presagewarning sign
preternaturalnot normal or usual
prevaricateto equivocate to stray from the truth
primneat formal
pristineprimitive unspoiled pure as in earlier times unadulterated
probityuprightness incorruptibility principle
procrastinationkeeping on putting off
prodigalwasteful reckless with money
prodigiousenormous wonderful
profaneworldly having contempt for God
profligacyshameless immorality
profligatewasteful prodigal licentious extravagant
proliferategrow reproduce by rapid multification
prolixtiring because too long
proneprostrate inclined to (undesirable things)
propagationincreasing the number spreading extending
propinquitynearness in time or place affinity of nature
propitiatoryconciliatory appeasing mitigating
propitiousauspicious presenting favorable circumstances
prosaiceveryday mundane commonplace trite pedestrian
proscribedenounce as dangerous
providentfrugal looking to the future
provisionalof the present time only
provokemake angry vax
prudencecareful forethought
prudisheasily shocked excessively modest
prunedried plum silly person
pryget smth inquire too curiously
pugnaciousfond of in the habit of fighting
punctiliousprecise paying attention to trivialities
punditpedant authority on a subject
pungencysharpness stinging quality
purveyprovide supply
pusillanimouscowardly craven
putrefactionbecoming rotten
pyrelarge pile of wood for burning
quackperson dishonestly claiming to smth
quaffdrink deeply
quaillose courage turn frightened
qualmfeeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness
quandarystate of doubt or perplexity
quellsuppress subdue
quibbletry to avoid by sophistication
quiescencestate of being passive/motionless
quiescentat rest dormant torpid
quirkhabit or action peculiar to smb or smth
quixoticgenerous unselfish
quotidianbanal everyday
rabblemob crowd the lower classes of populace
raconteurperson who tells anecdotes
raffishlow vulgar base tawdry
ramifyto be divided or subdivided to branch out
rancorousfeeling bitterness spitefulness
rantuse extravagant language
rapaciousgreedy (esp for money)
rarefyto make thin to make less dense to purify or refine
raveact with excessive enthusiasm
reactionaryopposing progress
recanttake back as being FALSE give up
recastcast or fashion anew
recidivismrelapse into antisocial or criminal behavior
reciprocitygranting of privileges in return for similar
recitalsa number of performance of music
recluseperson who lives alone and avoids people
recompensemake payment to reward punish
reconcilesettle a quarrel restore peace
reconditelittle known abstruse
recreancycowardice a cowardly giving up
recuperatebecome strong after illness loss exhaustion
redeemget back by payment compensate
redoubtableformidable causing fear
refinemake or become pure cultural
refractorystubborn unmanageable untractable
refulgentshining brilliant
regaleto delight or entertain to feast
regicidecrime of killing a king
reiteratesay or do again several times
rejuvenationbecoming young in nature or appearance
relapsefall back again
remonstrateto protest object
renderdeliver provide represent
renovaterestore smth to better condition
renownedcelebrated famous
repelrefuse to accept/cause dislike
repineat be discontented with
reproachscold upbraid
reprobateperson hardened in sin one devoid of decency
repudiatedisown refuse to accept or pay
repulsivecausing a feeling of disgust
requiterepay give in return
resignedunresisting submissive
resiliencequality of quickly recovering the original shape
resortto frequently visit
restiverefusing to move reluctant to be controlled
resuscitationcoming back to consciousness
retardcheck hinder
reticentreserved untalkative silent taciturn
reverehave deep respect for
reverentfeeling or showing deep respect
riddlepuzzling person or thing
riftsplit crack dissension
rivetfix take up secure metal pin
rollcall calling of names
rotundrich and deep plump and round
ruffianviolent cruel man
rumplemake rough
sagacioushaving sound judgment perceptive wise like a sage
salutaryremedial wholesome causing improvement
sanctimonyself-righteousness hypocritical with FALSE piety
sanctionapproval (by authority) penalty
sanguinecheerful confident optimistic
sanityhealth of mind soundness of judgement
sashlong strip worn round the waist
satiatesatisfy fully
saturninegloomy dark sullen morose
savantperson of great learning
savortaste flavor smth
sawdusttiny bits of wood
scabbardsheath for the blade
scentsmell (esp pleasant)
scorchbecome discolored/dry up/go at high speed
scribblewrite hastily
scurvymean contemptible
secularmaterial (not spiritual) living outside monasteries
seminallike a seed constituting a source originative
sententiousshort and pithy full of maxims/proverbs
sequencesuccession connected line of
seremake hard and without feeling
sermonreproving a person for his faults
serratedhaving a toothed edge
serrationhaving a toothed edge
servilelike a slave lacking independence
severbreak off
shallowlittle depth not earnest
shardpiece of broken earthenware
sheathcover for the blade of a weapon or a tool
shrewdastute showing sound judgement
shrillsharp piercing
shunkeep away from avoid
shuntsend from one track to another lay aside evade discussion
sidestepstep to one side
simper(give a) silly/self-conscious smile
sinuouswinding undulating serpentine
skiffsmall boat
skitshort piece of humorous writing
slacksluggish dull not tight
slaketo assuage to satisfy allay
slateking of blue-grey stone propose criticize
sluggardlazy slow-moving person
slurjoin sounds/words (indistinct)
smolderburn slowly without flame
snubtreat with contempt
soarrise fly high
sobrietyquality or condition of being sober
soddensoaked saturated
soggyheavy with water
solventof the power of forming a solution
somaticof the body
sootblack powder in smoke
sophisticatedcomplex subtle refined
sophistryfallacious reasoning faulty logic
sophomoricself-assured though immature affected bombastic overblown
soporificproducing sleep
sordidwretched comfortless contemptible
spearweapon with a metal point on a long shaft
speciousillogical of questionable truth or merit
spleneticbad-tempered irritable
splicejoin (two ends)
spongeporous rubber for washing live at once expense
spuriousFALSE counterfeit
spurnhave nothing to do reject or refuse
squalidfoul filthy
squanderspend wastefully
squatcrouch/settle without permission
stanchto stop the flow of a fluid
steeplyrising or falling sharply
stentorianextremely loud and powerful
sticklerperson who insists on importance of smth
stigmamark of shame or disgrace
stigmatizedescribe smb scornfully
stingsmth sharp
stingyspending using unwillingly
stintto be thrifty to set limits
stipplepaint with dots
stipulatestate or put forward as a necessary condition
stolidshowing no emotion impassive
straywander lose one’s way
streaklong thin move very fast
striatedstriped grooved or banded
stridewalk with long steps
struta supporting bar
stygianhence dark gloomy
stymieto hinder obstruct or block
subdueovercome bring under control
sublimeextreme astounding
submergeput under water liquid sink out of sight
suborninduce by bribery or smth to commit perjury
subpoenawritten order requiring a person to appear in a low court
substantiationgiving facts to support (statement)
subsumeinclude under a rule
succorassistance relief in time of distress
sufficebe enough
suffocatecause or have difficulty in breathing
sulliedto be stained or discredited
summarilybriefly without delay
sundryvarious miscellaneous separate
superciliousdisdainful characterized by haughty scorn
superfluousmore then is needed or wanted
superimposeput smth on the top
supersedetake the place of
supinelying on the back slow to act passive
suppliantasking humbly beseeching
supplicatemake a humble petition to
suppressprevent from being known put an end to
surchargeadditional load/charge
surfeitsatiate feed to fulness or to excess
swervechange direction suddenly
sycophantperson who flatter to the rich and powerful
synopsissummary or outline
taciturnuntalkative silent
tadpoleform of a frog when it leaves the egg
talonclaw of a bird of prey
tamptap or drive down by repeated light blows
tamperinterfere with
tangentialsuddenly changeable
tarnishedlost brightness
tasselbunch of threads
tauntcontemptuous reproach hurtful remark
tauttightly stretched
tautologya repetition a redundancy
tawdrycheap gaudy showy tacky
teetotaloppose to alcohol
temerityboldness brashness intrepidness
temperanceabstinence from alcohol self-control moderation
temperateshowing self-control
tenacityfirmness persistency adhesiveness tending to hang on
tenuousinsubstantial flimsy weak
tersebrief and to the point
thriftcare economy thriving prosperous
timidshy easily frightened
timorousfearful timid afraid
toadyobsequious flatterer
tonicsmth giving strength or energy
topplebe unsteady and overturn
tormentsevere pain or suffering
torpidsleeping sluggish lethargic dormant
torquetwisting force causing rotation
tortuousdevious/not straightforward
toutperson who worries others to buy smth to use his service
tractableeasily controlled or guided
transgressbreak go beyond (a limit)
transienttemporary fleeting
trenchantforceful effective vigorous extremely perceptive incisive
trepidationalarm excited state of mind
trickleflow in drops
tritenot new
truce(agreement) stop of fighting for a time
truculenceaggressiveness ferocity
trudgewalk heavily
turbidmuddy having the sediment stirred up
turbulencebeing uncontrolled violent
turgidexcessively ornate swollen or bloated
turmoiltrouble disturbance
turpitudewickedness shamefulness
turquoisegreenish-blue precious stone
tyrotiro beginner
ubiquitouspresent everywhere
ulteriorsituated beyond
umbrageoffense resentment
uncouthrough awkward
underbidmake a lower bid then smb else
undermineweaken gradually at the base make smth under
undulateto move in wavelike fashion fluctuate
unearthdiscover and bring to light
unencumberedeasy-going trifle
unfeignednot pretended sincere
unscathedunharmed unhurt
untowardunfortunate inconvenient
upbraidscold reproach
urbaneelegant refined in manners
vacillationbeing uncertain hesitating
vagarystrange act or idea
vainwithout use result conceited
veerchange direction
venalready to do smth dishonest
veneersurface appearance covering the TRUE nature
venerationregard with deep respect
verdantfresh and green
verisimilitudeappearing TRUE or real
veritablereal rightly named
vervespirit vigor enthusiasm
vestigetrace or sign
vexannoy distress trouble
vigilancewatchfulness self-appointed group who maintain order
vigilantmember of a vigilance committee
vigorousstrong energetic
vilifyslander say evil things
vindictivehaving a desire to revenge
viragoa loud domineering woman a scold or nag
visceralof the internal organs of the body
vitiatelower the quality weaken the strength
vituperatecurse abuse in words
vivaciouslively high-spirited
volatilechangeable inconstant fickle unstable explosive
volubilityfluency verbosity easy use of spoken language
waffletalk vaguely and without much result
waftscent waving movement carry lightly through
wagmerry person
warmongerperson who stirs up war
warrantauthority written order guarantee
weanto turn away (from a habit)
weighmeasure hoe heavy smth is
welterturmoil a bewildering jumble
wendto go proceed
whimsicalfull of odd and fanciful ideas
winceshow bodily or mental pain
wootry to win
writwritten order
yarntale story fibers for knitting

This post was last modified on August 15, 2021 5:28 am

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